Abstract-Vol-2-Issue-1 Denise Tsang and Qun Ren

Journal of Organisational Studies and Innovation
Vol. 2, no.1, Winter, 2015
Viral Marketing and the New Competitive Advantage
Denise Tsang and Qun Ren
University of Reading* and Southampton Solent University

Abstract: The role played by viral marketing has received considerable academic and digital media attention recently. Key issues in viral marketing have been examined through the lens of the mode of marketing message transmission, including self-replicating on the basis of quality difference, individuals’ emotional needs, as well as how users are connected across various social networks. This paper presents a review and analysis of viral marketing studies from 2001 to the present day. It investigates how viral marketing facilitate the diffusion of social media products and the relationship between marketers and these product users by taking a look at the implementation of viral marketing in two European online game firms Jagex Games Studio and Rovio Entertainment. The results from this review and analysis indicate that viral marketing plays an important role in accelerating the interaction between marketers and users (as well as the user groups) in the field of digital media and high tech consumption. Therefore, it is evident that firms should understand the social contagion process and target well-connected users purposefully in order to create its competitive advantage.

Keywords: viral marketing, marketing message transmission, social media, competitive advantage

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